High blood pressure is also known as hypertension has affected millions of people around the globe. With high blood pressure, too much force is exerted on the arteries as blood is pumped through. This can cause damage to the blood vessels as well as to the organs that forced to bear the stress. High blood pressure is a leading cause of heart attacks and strokes. Some people even do not know that they have high blood pressure problem because it does not cause obvious symptoms. Well, some lifestyle commitments like eating healthy diet, maintaining healthy weight, exercise and reducing salt intake can lower the high blood pressure enough so that you don’t need to depend on drugs or medicines. Anyone can develop it whether they are thin and fat. But several factors that are known to increase the risk are being overweight or obese, drinking too much alcohol, lack of exercise and eating a high salt diet. There is several anti-high blood pressure drugs exist which can reduce the symptoms. A side effect is any unwanted effect of medicines that you are taking. People using the anti-hypertension drugs experience some side effects too. In this article, we are going to tell you the list of common medications of high blood pressure with their side effects.
It is most prescribed anti-hypertension drug prescribed by physicians to the hypertension patients. Diuretics increase urination which reduces sodium and fluids in the body. It lowers the blood volume that further helps to lower blood pressure. Mild hypertension generally be treated using diuretics alone, however they are commonly combine with other high blood pressure medications to treat this condition effectively. Examples of some common diuretic are Bumetanide, Chlorthalidone, Chlorothiazide, Ethacrynate, Furosemide, Hydrochlorothiazide, Hydrodiuril and Indapamide. Side effect of diuretic is that it reduces the potassium along with sodium through urine execration. Potassium is essential for proper muscular movement and the deficiency of this mineral in body can cause fatigue, weakness, leg cramps and problem with the heart. So, it is recommended to take potassium rich diet such as orange and banana for the patient who take diuretic medicines.
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors -:
These are the mediations that inhibit the activity of enzymes ACE which are helpful in controlling blood pressure. Angiotensin is a very potent chemical formed in the blood that causes the muscles surrounding the blood vessels to contract, thus narrowing the blood vessels and increasing the blood pressure. ACE inhibitors are the medicines which decrease the activity of angiotensin enzymes. Examples of ACE inhibitors medicines include Ramipril, benazepril, enalapril, moexipril and captopril. However, ACE inhibitors include some side effects such as skin rash, loss of taste, chronic dry, hacking cough and sometimes kidney damage.
Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) – :
This medicine blocks the action of angiotensin. As a result blood vessels enlarge and blood pressure is reduced. Reduced blood pressure helps the heart to pump the blood and can improve heart problem. They have the similar effects to ACE inhibitors, but ARB acts by blocking the formation of angiotensin rather to prevent them as ACE does. Some common ARBs drugs include valsartan, losartan, irbesartan and eprosartan. The common side effect of ARBs include occasional dizziness and should not be used at pregnancy.
Calcium channel blockers -:
Calcium increases the force and strength of the contraction in the heart and blood vessels. Calcium channel blockers lower blood pressure by relaxing the blood vessels and reducing heart rate. They also inhibit the movement of calcium in muscles cells. The reduction in calcium reduces the force of the heart’s muscular pumping action and thereby reduces blood pressure. Some common calcium channel brokers include amlodipine, clevidipine, felodipine, nimodipine and nicardipine. If you are using these drugs you may experience some side effects too such as headache, dizziness, swollen ankles and constipation.
Most of medicines come with side effects some have mild while some have intensive. But sometimes, people who take high blood pressure drugs will have no problem at all. If you have problems with one medicine that doesn’t mean that other medicines will also give you side effects or other problems. Other medicines may help you to lower your blood pressure with ease. However, if you experience any side effect, you should consult your doctor first before taking any step. The best method you can try to get rid of this problem naturally is to adopt natural treatment options. Therapies, herbal remedies and physical activity can help you a lot without any harm to you. It’s your choice what option is better for you. We recommend you that before taking any step just consult your doctor first because they can address your problem very well.